RURAL DEVELOPMENT calls for an integrated approach and incorporates the view points of the different branches. Rural development needs what Chambers called 'New Prafessionals' "those abandon disciplinary boundaries and those who span the two cultures of academia and practice, taking the best from each criticism from the one and vision and action from the other". The new professionals have to be trained in a new discipline of rural development which draws upon the theoretical and applied knowledge of related social sciences combined with field experience to know the reality and to motivate academics for a commitment to rural development either in teaching and research or as practitioners in the organizations and institutions involved in the process of rural transformation.
Poverty combined with unemployment is a serious matter of concern in Tripura. Geographical isolation from main land, poor infrastructure facilities particularly power and transport sectors, communication bottleneck, higher poverty rate, low per capita income, low level of capital formation, inadequate exploration of natural resources, poor progress in industrial front, insurgency and poor credit facility from bank, all these factors together make unemployment problem the biggest obstacle towards development of Tripura.
In this context, the need for higher education in Rural Development is very much needed in University which considered as fountains of ideas, with emphasis on thought and materialization, should take the lead in resolving the vicious cycle of less development in Tripura.
The Centre for Rural Studies (CRS) under Tripura University has been set up in this background in the year 2006 attached with the Department of Rural Management & Development.
Year of Establishment:
- Develop institutional network & partnership.
- Conduct Research / Action Research
- Build capacity of youth for self employment.
- Provide extension services.
- Organize seminar, workshop & symposium.
- Prepare & publish reports, case studies, success stories and best practices.
- Act as a reference point in all matters related to rural development.
- Offer consultancy services in the field of Rural Development.
Broad Area of work:
Extension :Works to bridge the gap between 'Four-Wall-Knowledge' and 'Real-life' situation. This is basically 'learning by doing' approach. Students get chance to apply directly their learning, for the betterment of the villagers through various awareness camps, capacity building, skill training, etc. This unit also organizes seminars, workshops, symposiums and short duration courses.
Research :Enriches the quality of teaching and learning and also helps the centre to be financially sustainable through research, action research and evaluation studies.
Documentation & Publication :Involves in documentation of success stories, case studies and publishes Hand outs, Journal, Mimeo, Books, working papers, Documentary Films, etc.
A. Seminars/ Conferences/Workshops :
- National Seminar on “Tribal Livelihood Promotion : Issues & Challenges” was organised on July 20-21, 2013 by CRS with the financial support from Tribal Research Institute, Govt. Of Tripura. Total 51 papers were presented by the eminent scholars from India & Bangladesh. Honb’le Tribal Welfare Minister Shri. Aghore Ch. Debbarma inaugurated the seminar.
- Data Dissemination Workshop: One Day workshop was organised by the Department with the help of the Census of India, Agartala office on dissemination of 2011 census data in March, 2011. Students, faculties from different departments of Tripura University participated in the workshop.
- State Level Seminar on Safe Drinking Water & Sanitation in Rural Areas : Centre for Rural Studies organised two-days state level seminar on Safe Drinking Water & Sanitation in Rural Areas : Present status, Problem & Prospects with the financial support from DWSSO, PW Department, Govt. of Tripura. Total 72 participants from Government Departments, NGOs and elected representatives, students and faculties from different departments from Tripura University participated in the seminar.
- State Level workshop: A two-day state level workshop was conducted by CRS on 'Development of Rural Women & Children: Challenges & Opportunities' held during 17-18 April, 2008. The programme was inaugurated by the Honb'le Minister Smt. Bijita Nath, Dept. of SW & SE, Govt. of Tripura. The workshop was a grand success. Total 16 papers were presented by eminent persons from different fields from the state. The workshop was graced by having Prof. Ishita Mukhopadhyay, Director, Women Study Centre, Calcutta University who also shared her valuable thought on 'Female Participation in Workforce and Rural Development'. The workshop was very much interesting when in last session students from various departments got a chance to present their papers and were competing for the best presentation award. The workshop was enriched by the speech of Prof. A. Saha, Former Hon'ble Vice-Chancellor, Tripura University. CRS was happy to receive Prof. Apurba Mukhopadhayay, Fellow, Netaji Institute of Development Studies, in valedictory session and request to present certificate to the paper presenters.
CRS has initiated the concept of Micro-workshop. The objective of this initiative is to facilitate the interaction between the practitioners and the students and also build a network with the other institutions/organization with the department. Several dignitaries from various Govt. departments of Govt. of Tripura, various institutions/universities within and outside Tripura and also from abroad participated and interacted with the students.
- Shri. Jitendra Choudhury, Honb’le Minister, Rural Development, Govt. of Tripura.
- Dr. A.K. Gupta, P.C.C.F., Department of Forest, Government of Tripura.
- Dr. A K Singh, Assistant Director, RCUES, Lucknow University, UP.
- Prof. N. Upadhaya, Former Director, National Institute of Rural Development, North Eastern Regional Centre.
- Dr. Ramanuja Rao, International Program Director (Livelihood Development), International Network for Bamboo and Rattan(INBAR),Beijing, China.
- Mr. Michael Kwaku, West Africa representative, Ghana, International Network for Bamboo and Rattan.
- Prof. D. Das Gupta, Former Vice Chancellor, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Kalyani, West Bengal.
- Mr. Kamesh Salam, Former President, World Bamboo Organisation, USA.
- Dr. Halai, Assistant Professor, National Institute of Rural Development, North Eastern Regional Centre, Guwahati, Assam.
- Dr. Md. Safiul Islam Afrad, Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University,Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh.
- Prof. Amit Hazra, Director, Rural Extension Centre, Visva-Bharati University, Shantiniketan, west Bengal.
C.Extension Activities :
- Exposure Visit for MRMD students: CRS had organized one exposure visit for the students of Masters in Rural management and Development Programme under Tripura University. Total 62 students (Part-I & Part-II) along with the faculties had participated the day long programme. Students received to interact with various project peoples of Don Bosco (An active NGO in Tripura) and Sipahijola wild life sanctuary of Forest department of Govt. of Tripura. Students enjoyed the programme and received practical knowledge on different issues of Rural Development.
- Skilled training on Bamboo Based Livelihood : CRS had organized a 10 (ten) days skilled training for the 20 rural women on different bamboo based products from 23rd November to 4th December, 2009. After the training, they were provided different tools for continue their activities in future and raise their family income. A linkage with market and financial institutes were also established.
- NGO Management training: A five days training on NGO management was organized by CRS during 1-5 December, 2009. In the training programme 26 participants from different NGOs throughout the states benefited from the course. Prof. N. Upadhayay, Former Director, National Institute of Rural development (NIRD-NERC) along with other dignitaries attended as guest speaker.
- Training of Rural Development Functionaries: To fortify the Self Help Group (SHG) movement in this state, a workshop on Strengthening of Self Help Groups under Swrnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna (SGSY) was held between 13-17 November 2006, at the State Institute of Public Administration and Rural Development (SIPARD). This workshop was jointly organised by R.D. Department, Govt. of Tripura, CRS, Tripura University and SIPARD. This was the first time that these three frontal institutions in the field of rural development shared the same platform to organise this workshop which was attended by 62 participants across the state comprising with Govt. Administrators, cutting age officers and elected representatives. Honb’le Chief Minister, Govt. of Tripura, Shri. Manik Sarkar; Honb’le RD Minister Shri Jitendra Choudhury; Former Vice Chancellor, Tripura University, Prof. A.K.Mukherjee graced the programme with their valuable speech.
- International Seminar and Bamboo Festival : Centre for Rural Studies (CRS), Tripura University participated in the International BAMFEST held on 16-18 December, 2016 in Tripura as one of the Management partner. The programme was organised by CBTC, Guwahati and supported by World Bamboo Organisation. About 23 bamboo experts from various countries and 62 bamboo artisans participated in the programme. Former Union Minister of Industries Shri. Jairam Ramesh and Honb’le Chief Minister, Govt. of Tripura, Shri. Manik Sarkar was present in the inaugural programme.
Ongoing Research :
- Impact Monitoring of Indo-German cooperation Project implemented in North & Dhalai district of Tripura. (Funded by IGDC, Department of Forest, Govt. of Tripura)
- Impact of Tea Plantation on Tribal Development (Funded by Tribal Research Institute, Govt. of Tripura)
- Impact of Boarding House Stipend on Tribal Students (Funded by Tribal Research Institute, Govt. of Tripura)
- Impact of Madhyamik Drop out coaching and special coaching centre on Tribal Students. (Funded by Tribal Research Institute, Govt. of Tripura)
- Impact of Pre- Matric and Post-matric scholarship on Tribal Students. (Funded by Tribal Research Institute, Govt. of Tripura)
- Impact of Text book distribution on Tribal Students (Funded by Tribal Research Institute, Govt. of Tripura)
Completed Research :
- Annual Survey of Education Report, 2006: CRS has successfully completed one survey in collaboration with PRATHAM (A Mumbai based National NGO). The study was a part of national level study for preparation of Annual Status of Education Report, 2006. Total 120 villages in Tripura (30 villages from each district) was identified by the PRATHAM and total 2400 household was covered. The study covered various aspects related to children's education like family size, numbers of children, whether children are going to Anganwari and Schools or not, reasons for drop out and not attending the school, minimum level of achievement in reading, math and writing skill etc.
- Base line survey on Bamboo Artisans was conducted by CRS for the Tripura Bamboo & Cane Development Center (TRIBAC), Tripura (2006). Based on that survey, a business plan for improvement of bamboo artisan was developed.
- Counseling Methods in Distance Education of Tripura University. The study was funded by Directorate of Distance Education, Tripura University.
- Women Empowerment through SHGs: A Pilot study in Dukli block in Tripura. The study was conducted in collaboration with Women Study Cell, Tripura University.
- Books & Subscribe of Journals: CRS had purchased books on various issues of Rural Development. Apart from books, CRS has also subscribing National and International Journals on Rural Development.
- Documentation of Successful Micro-Entrepreneurs : CRS has documented more than 60 cases of successful micro-enterprises throughout the state.
- GRAM DARSHAN: CRS has published its first issue of GRAM DRASHAN Newsletter of CRS which is the first newsletter in Tripura University of its kind. GRAMDARSHAN documents various activities of CRS and also portraits various aspects of Rural Development.
- AMRAO PARI : A book on successful SHG entrepreneur was published in Bengali and distributed to different Panchayat and SHGs. The book was a informative documentation and written by the students and edited by Dr. Jayanta Choudhury.